Paraphrase Mass

   A polyphonic setting of the Roman Catholic mass ordinary prayers that employs a preexisting melody, usually taken from Gregorian or medieval chant, in all voices as the subject of imitative passages. This technique became important in the last quarter of the 15th century when composers began to use structural imitation as their principal polyphonic technique. It allows all voices of the texture to share the same speed and melodic material, as compared to the older cantus firmus technique in which one voice, usually the tenor, moves at markedly slower speed with a distinct melody. A great exemplar of a paraphrase mass is Josquin Desprez’s Missa Pange Lingua.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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  • Paraphrase mass — A paraphrase mass is a musical setting of the Ordinary of the mass, using as its basis an elaborated version of a cantus firmus, typically chosen from plainsong or some other sacred source. It was a common means of mass composition from the late… …   Wikipedia

  • Mass (music) — The Mass, a form of sacred musical composition, is a choral composition that sets the invariable portions of the Eucharistic liturgy (principally that of the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, and the Lutheran Church) to music. Most Masses… …   Wikipedia

  • Mass —    The Roman Catholic name for the celebration of the Eucharist; Lutheran, Anglican, Orthodox, and other traditions refer to essentially similar liturgies with some variant of the Holy Eucharist, Holy Communion, or the divine liturgy. Also, a… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • paraphrase — paraphrasable, adj. paraphraser, n. /par euh frayz /, n., v., paraphrased, paraphrasing. n. 1. a restatement of a text or passage giving the meaning in another form, as for clearness; rewording. 2. the act or process of restating or rewording.… …   Universalium

  • Cyclic mass — In Renaissance music, the cyclic mass was a setting of the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Mass, in which each of the movements – Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei – shared a common musical theme, commonly a cantus firmus, thus making… …   Wikipedia

  • Parody mass — A parody mass is a musical setting of the mass, typically from the 16th century, that uses multiple voices of another pre existing piece of music, such as a fragment of a motet or a secular chanson, as part of its melodic material. It is… …   Wikipedia

  • Cantus Firmus Mass —    A polyphonic setting of the Roman Catholic mass ordinary prayers using the same cantus firmus as the compositional basis for each one, thus creating a unified fivemovement mass cycle. (An English setting may omit the Kyrie, leaving it to be… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Josquin des Prez — 1611 woodcut of Josquin des Prez, copied from a now lost oil painting done during his lifetime[1] Josquin des Prez [Josquin Lebloitte dit Desprez] (French pronunciation: [ʒɔskɛ̃ depʁe]; c. 1450 to 1455 – 27 August 1521), often referred to… …   Wikipedia

  • Josquin — des Prés Josquin des Prés Josquin Desprez Gravure sur bois d après une peinture aujourd hui perdue[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Josquin Des Prés — Josquin Desprez Gravure sur bois d après une peinture aujourd hui perdue[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

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